Discovering Reiki and My Journey With It:

They lean back and raise an eyebrow. “Is it real or are you lying?” is the common reply. When I talk about Reiki, the way it works and my experience with it, I often get a lot of hesitation and rejection. Luckily, however, there are the few who rejoice in the fact they have met someone with similar interests and who can provide them with … Continue reading Discovering Reiki and My Journey With It:

Rainbow Snake, Symbolic Culture, and Gender Relations

This essay attempts to explain how the Australian Aboriginal Rainbow Snake personifies gender relations within Aboriginal Culture as well as how this relates to symbolic culture in general.  The Rainbow Snake is an integral part of Australian Aboriginal society and is often described as the ‘’principle culture hero among the Aborigines of north Australia’’ (Cowan 1994).  Considered to be both male and female, it incorporates … Continue reading Rainbow Snake, Symbolic Culture, and Gender Relations

Why is the Rioting Mob case described by Smart supposed to present a problem for the utilitarian?

Firstly in order to answer this question we must have a clear view as to what constitutes utilitarianism conceptually: ‘The term ‘utilitarianism’ stems from the idea of utility, meaning social utility or welfare, or ‘good of society.’ The ‘social utility’ that utilitarianism is referring to is the optimisation of pleasure over pain for everyone.’[1] Utilitarianism is a branch of consequentialist normative ethics whereby the ‘rightness’ … Continue reading Why is the Rioting Mob case described by Smart supposed to present a problem for the utilitarian?

“Unlike mass, colour is not objective.” The views of Locke and Berkeley.

This question concerns the differences between the primary and secondary qualities of objects and how these differences relate to the idea of objectivity. According to Locke, mass is deemed to be a primary quality whilst colour is considered a secondary quality. Locke defines primary qualities as independent and necessary for existence; whereas secondary qualities are subjective. However, Berkeley defines primary and secondary qualities as interlinked … Continue reading “Unlike mass, colour is not objective.” The views of Locke and Berkeley.

Shamanism, Spirits, and The Quest For Knowledge

Shaman or saman is a term which originates from the Tungusian languages, first heard from explorers in the seventeenth century who spent time among the Tungusian tribes of eastern Siberia (Laufer, 1917, p.361).  The term itself means “one who is excited, moved, raised” (Walsh, 1989, p.2), commonly used by anthropologists to refer to those individuals of a particular society who use ecstatic and visionary states … Continue reading Shamanism, Spirits, and The Quest For Knowledge

Was Machiavelli a Realist?

Machiavelli can be considered a realist in the overarching sense to which the term constitutes a varied collection of thought concerning the way in which international actors conduct themselves on the international stage. Distinction should be made nonetheless between different types of realist thinking, principally between that of classical realist thought and neorealism. There are some fundamental differences between Machiavelli’s ideas on how states should … Continue reading Was Machiavelli a Realist?

The Magic of Mushrooms: A Beginner’s Guide.

Before we leap head first down the rabbit hole that is the world of Magic Mushrooms I want to quickly make a short statement: I have only been actively experimenting with these wonderful plants and their close relations for the past 4 years and only within the last year have I taken the idea of the ‘Trip’ more seriously, giving it the proper due care, … Continue reading The Magic of Mushrooms: A Beginner’s Guide.

Breaking free from illusion

As we proceed further towards our ultimate reconnection with source, an ancient consciousness is arising once again to lead our planet back to a state of harmony and peace.  This is through the energetic field of each individualised being who is willing to take the necessary steps towards their own purification, and grasp the personal integrity that lies just outside of shedding one’s own disharmonic … Continue reading Breaking free from illusion